Periodical (published annually) edited by the Romanian Academy, redacted by the Ethnology-Department of the Institute for Research in Social and Human Sciences Sibiu. Reflecting the various scientific activities of the ethnologists from Sibiu or of those from other university centres (Cluj-Napoca, Iaşi, Bucureşti, Timişoara, Craiova, Oradea) this publication brings a number of important studies and articles regarding the traditional Romanian culture and civilization but also that of the german nationality of the Carpathian region. The column „From the ethnology of the germans in Romania” is exclusively reserved to the folk-culture of Transilvanian Saxons; it contains contributions written in German and is always completed with a summary in Romanian language.

Since its inception, the journal aims to address related fields such as history, anthropology, sociology, museology, conservation and restauration, managing to focus on original materials of great interest to specialists in cultural studies.